Nagpur is in the Vidarbha region in the north-eastern part of Maharashtra state in India. Ruled by the Bhosle rulers, this city has many rich monumental legacies of the royal era. Nagpur is a city with an abundant biodiversity, ethnicity, mineral wealth and natural bounties of winding rivers set against a hilly terrain that is dotted with several temples, forts, geological site and wildlife sanctuaries. It is called the orange city, because of the number of orange farms in this region. A sprawling city, Nagpur is culturally rich hosting several handicrafts exhibition, folk and art programs throughout the year.
There are three seasons at Nagpur, monsoon sets in around June and rainfall continues till September. Winters are between November to January with temperatures of below 10C. This is the best time to visit Nagpur as summers between March and June sees highs of over 40C. The currency used is the Indian Rupees.
The city of Nagpur covers 218 km² and has 2,420,000 inhabitants (2011 census) with a density of 11,100.92 inhabitants per km². The maximum altitude is 310 m, the average altitude is 310 m.
The current mayor of Nagpur is Archana Dehankar.
Inhabitant of Nagpur city is called Nagpurian. The french name of the city is Nagpur, the english name of the city is Nagpur, the spanish name is Nagpur.
The city nickname is "The Orange city, Tiger capital of India". The Nagpur city was founded in 1702. The website of Nagpur is http://www.nagpur.nic.in
Points of interest
The beautiful temple of Deekshabhoomi is a sacred monument of the Buddhists, the temple that stands today took over 23 years to complete. The temple has a spectacular stupa that is a replica of the heritage site Sanchi Stupa. An architectural delight, this temple has witnessed great historical events, it is here that Dr. BR Ambedkar, an Indian politician along with his followers converted to Buddhism in 1956. The new temple was inaugurated in 2001 and although it is a replica of the Sanchi stupa, the structure is different. The Deeksha stupa is hollow from the inside, it holds the record for having the largest hollow stupa among all the Buddhist stupas in the world.
The ground floor has a 211 square square feet hall and in the middle of this hall is a beautiful idol of Lord Buddha. A library nearby has on display interesting photographs depicting the life of Gautama Buddha and Dr. Ambedkar. The hollow dome creates a surreal ambiance and it is surrounded by a veranda. There are four fountains that are around the stupa in each direction that adds charm to this temple. Beautiful large arcs are at the entrance and they are decorated with Ashoka Chakras, a symbol that is used on the Indian flag. The name Deekshabhoomi means 'The land where people willingly accept other religions'.
The picturesque lake of Ambazari is 6 kilometers away on the western side of Nagpur city. Covering an area of 15.4 square kilometers, the beauty of this lake is enhanced by the landscaped gardens that adds to the serene atmosphere. A popular destination for the local inhabitants, who enjoy visiting this lake during the summer months to get relief from the hot climate. The landscaped gardens are eye catching with different colored hues of flora. There is a playground that is a favorite among the children, swings, merry-go-round, slides and the jungle gym lie around the playground.
The Ambazari Lake is a developed area with good amenities for entertainment. This lake is popular for boating and the cool winds on a summer afternoon is soothing. There is a small amusement park nearby with rides like the Columbus and the Ferris wheel. The toy train at this lake is picturesque. It shows the visitor around the lake and the beautiful landscaped gardens that compliment it. The garden was completed in 1958 and it is the highlight of this lake. The Ambazari Lake is the largest lake that is close to Nagpur and the replica of a dinosaur and the musical fountain offers hours of entertainment to the children who visit.
The Pench National Park and Tiger Reserve is in the southern Satpura hills along the northern boundary of Nagpur. It was declared a Tiger Reserves of India from the year 1999. The river Pench divides this 257 square kilometers reserve into half. A charming area, this reserve's beauty has been glorified by poets and writers over the centuries. Rich is biodiversity, Pench is a magnificent example of an ecosystem that supports an abundant flora and fauna species. A rugged terrain with hills and valleys interspaced with lush jungles, Pench has a rich variety of aquatic life in its waters.
The forests have many teak trees, shrubs, climbers, grasses, herbs and weeds that sustain the different species of animals. The Pench reserve is home to 33 species of mammals, 164 species of birds, 50 species of fish, 30 species of reptiles and 10 species of amphibians. Bird watchers will be flabbergasted at the variety of birds that can be spotted at Pench. There are several migratory birds and local species in abundance at Pench. Visitors can spot the Tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Wild dog, Jackal, Sambar deer, Indian Bison, Barking Deer, Blue Bull, Spotted Deer, Flying Squirrel, Wild Boar, Langur, Rhesus Monkey, Porcupine, Mouse deer.
Best time to visit: February to April
The Sitabuldi Fort is a spectacular construction that was build by an officer in the British army in 1857. It stands majestically on the two hills overlooking the city of Nagpur, the hills are similar in appearance, so it is often referred to as the twin hills. This fort got it name from the hills. A popular tourist attractions, it is considered to be one of the jewels of Nagpur, this fort sees many tourist each day. Enjoy the scenic beauty of the countryside from the hills. The Sitabuldi fort is the site of the Office of Indian Territorial Army.
An ancient fort, the Sitabuldi fort has existed before independence, it played a major role in the battle of Plassey. The Marathas were defeated in the third Anglo-Maratha war, but after this battle, the British constructed barracks and troughs to strengthen this fort and make it less vulnerable to invaders. Visit the memorial inside the fort that was constructed in memory of the soldiers who lost their lives as they bravely fought against the British during the Anglo-Maratha wars. It is maintained by the Indian Army as a sign of respect for their heroic acts. There is a historic cell at the Sitabuldi Fort, this was the cell where Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned.
This historic ashram was the home of Mahatma Gandhi and his wife Kasturba for six years between 1934-1940. Sevagram Ashram is located about 75 kilometers from Nagpur city in Wardha Town. Mahatma Gandhi built this ashram with the materials available locally, he lived amidst a serene setting of green forests without electricity or a telephone. This village was renamed Sevagram in 1940, when Gandhi began to receive a lot of mail and telegrams that were often sent to a nearby village that shared the name Shegaon, with this village. With active participation in politics, there were many followers who came to live with him in the ashram and this humble place soon became the center from where Gandhi worked towards the independence of India.
Walk around and admire the Adi Nivas, this is the first hut that was built at Sevagram ashram, you can see the prayer ground around it. Ba Kuti and Bapu Kuti was the residence of Kasturba Gandhi and Mahatma Gandhi. The Akhiri Nivas means 'Last Residence', Gandhi stayed at this hut before leaving for Noakhali and he never returned to this ashram again. The Parchure Kuti was the home of a Sanskrit scholar who suffered from leprosy, while Mahadev Kuti was the residence of the secretary of Mahatma Gandhi. Kishor Nivas and Rustom Bhavan were the other huts at this ashram used by guests of Gandhi.
Seminary Hill is a small hillock that is 6 kilometers from the city center of Nagpur. A serene atmosphere with picturesque views of the landscape of this region. The best way to enjoy this destination is by walking up, a trek that is not difficult, but it will be tough during the summers with the temperatures over 40C. The scenery is spectacular as you reach the top, admire the local flora and you can spot the indigenous birds at this hill. The hill got its name from a seminary that was situated nearby, the Seminary of St. Charles.
The Tadoba National Park is in the heart of a reserved forest in the district of Chandrapur a couple of hours by road from Nagpur. This is a beautiful forest with numerous ancient local trees like the Jamun, Teak and bamboo that support the wildlife of this forest. If lucky, you could spot tigers, sloth bears, jackals, bison, barking deers, sambar deers and wild dogs. The Andhari rivers meanders through this forest reserve that is often called the 'Jewel of Vidharba'. The best time to visit is from February to May, when the animals come out in search of water during the hot months.
Khernakala is a beautiful and green tourist spot that has a dam close to the Khapra Range Forest. A lush and green surrounding that is tranquil and serene. The dense forests creates a cool atmosphere that is a blessing under the hot sun. The dam is located about 55 kilometers from the city of Nagpur, but it is well connected by bus or you could hire a car. There is a shrine beside the river Vainganga. This is a revered temple for Hindus and the tomb of a saint is also near this temple.
Ramtek is a historic city that has an ancient temple over 600 years old that is dedicated to Lord Rama, a revered god in this country. Located about 42 kilometers to the northeast of Nagpur, this city was chosen by the poet Kalidasa to live and compose his famous poems. There are 27 temples on the hill and one of the temples, the Lakshmana temple has been dated to 1400. November is the month that the Kalidasa festival is celebrated, a fortnight of soul stirring music by famous artists from around the country entertain the inhabitants. There is dance, drama and delicious local cuisine at this festival.
How to get there ?
The Sonegaon Airport is the closest airport to the city center of Nagpur, it is located 8 kilometers from Nagpur. There are pre-paid taxi counters at the arrival gate, you can pay in advance for the location that you require to go to and get a cab. Buses are available, but it is not recommended. Most of the hotels offer a pick up service from the airport.
Nagpur is well connected by the Indian Railways. The railways system is good as it connects the entire country, but you will need to book in advance to get confirmed tickets. Nagpur is directly linked to several main cities of India.
The National Highway 7 and the National Highway 6 link Nagpur to the rest of this country. There is an extensive network of roads and as Nagpur is in the middle of India, it is easily connected to other major cities.
Taxis are the best way to see this city. Walking is another option, but the roads and pavements are crowded and it can be overwhelming for tourists. Buses are crowded, but it has a good route and covers the entire city. Tuk Tuks are common and they can be hired anyway on the road, do check on the rates before getting into one.