Berlin is the capital city of Germany and one of the country's 16 states. The city has an area of 891.85 km2 (344.35 sq mi). Berlin is situated on the River Spree in the northeastern part of Germany. Berlin is one of the most populous cities in the European Union with more than 3.4 million inhabitants. The city became the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701-1981, the German Empire in 1871-1918, the Weimar Republic in 1919-1933 and the Third Reich in 1933-1945. The city was divided into East Berlin, a German Democratic Republic capital, and West Berlin, a de facto state of the Federal Republic of Germany after World War II. Berlin was reunited again in 1990 and once again became the capital of Germany. Berlin is a city with a rich culture and a long history. The city is well-known for IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, biotechnology, electronics and renewable energy. Given that Berlin is situated in the European Plain, the city experiences a temperate seasonal climate. Visitors to Berlin can enjoy a range of beautiful forests, rivers, lakes, parks and gardens.
The city of Berlin is included to the state Berlin and to the district Berlin.
The city of Berlin covers 891.85 km² and has 3,520,061 inhabitants (2012 census) with a density of 3,946.92 inhabitants per km².
The current mayor of Berlin is Klaus Wowereit (SPD).
The french name of the city is Berlin, the english name of the city is Berlin.
The website of Berlin is http://www.berlin.de
Points of interest
The Charlottenburg Palace (German: Schloss Charlottenburg) is situated in the Chattenburg district of Berlin. The wife of Friedrich III, Sophie Charlotte commissioned the construction of this royal dwelling and was designed by architect Johann Arnold Nering in the 17th century. The garden of the palace was designed by Simeon Godeau in 1697. The mausoleum was built in 1810-1812 and contains the tomb of the Hohenzollern family, Queen Luise, Friedrich Wilhelm III, Wilhelm I and his wife Augusta. The Belvedere and the Palace Theater designed by Carl Gotthard Langhans was built around 1788 – 1791. In 1825, Neuer Pavilion, designed by Schinkel was constructed in the northern part of the palace. The Palace was severely damaged during World War II, but has been extensively reconstructed. The interior of the palace is nicely decorated in the Baroque style. On display are thousands of examples of antique porcelain unique to the region. A major attraction is the collection of crown jewels and silver tableware. The equestrian statue of Friedrich Wilhelm I, positioned at the heart of the palace courtyard is also a remarkable sight. Today, the palace and gardens are one of the city's most visited tourist attractions. Visitors will surely be amazed by the splendid beauty of the Charlottenburg Palace.
This Zoological Garden Located in Berlin Tiergarten was opened in 1844. With an area of 34 hectares (84 acres), it is considered as one of the biggest zoos in the world. Frederick William IV donated the first animals exhibited on the opening. The zoo was greatly affected during World War II and only a few animals survived including a couple of lions, hyenas, a hippo bull, an elephant, baboons, a black stork and a chimpanzee. The zoo was reconstructed after the war and a Zoo Tower was installed. Today, the zoo exhibits around 20,500 animals such as the giant pandas, polar bears, elephants, lions, giraffes, Bactrian camels and many more. The Zoological Garden also features a collection of more than 1,500 plant species and a large number of bird species. Visitors will be delighted to witness the animal feeding, it is the most interesting sight of the zoo. The most eye catching part of this Zoological Garden is an aquarium, opened in 1913. The zoo emphasizes conservation and education and helps promote European animal breeding programs. It also supports animal conservation in Madagascar. The Berlin Zoo is one of the oldest and one of the most Visited Zoo's in the World. The Zoological Garden is open everyday and is easily accessible by public transportation.
The Museum Island located on the northern part of the River Spree in the district of Mitte in the city of Berlin was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. The Museum Islands boasts of its five internationally recognized museums, namely the Altes Museum, the Neues Museum, the Alte Nationalgallerie, the Bode Museum, and the Pergamon Museum. The Altes Museum (Old Museum) completed in 1830 was built by Karl Friedrich Schinkel. It houses the art collection of the Prussian royal family. The Neues Museum (New Museum) was built in 1859 by Friedrich August Stuler. Among the exhibits of the New Museum were the iconic bust of Nefertiti, the queen of Egypt. The Alte Nationalgalerie (Old National Gallery) also designed by Friedrich August Stuler in 1876, houses the 19th century art collection amassed by Joachim H. W. Wagner. The Bode Museum also known as the Kaiser Friedrich Museum was opened in 1904, representing the collection of an antique sculptures and Byzantine arts. Finally, the Pergamon Museum built in 1930 was designed by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann. The remarkable features of this museum are the historic Pergamon altar and the Ishtar Gate of Babylon. The Museum Island in Berlin will take you on a journey of discovery through Germany's history and world cultures.
The Neue Wache located on the northern boulevard of Unter den Linden in the city of Berlin was built in 1816 by the renowned architect Friedrich Schinkel. The guardhouse was built for the palace of the Crown Prince of Prussia. King Frederick William commenced the construction of the new guardhouse at the site of the old Artillery Guardhouse. Alexander I of Russia attended the dedication ceremony of the building on September 18, 1818. The guardhouse features the tympanum, representing the statue of Nike, the goddess of victory. The building was used as a guardhouse during world war I and during the German Revolution from 1918-1919. In 1931, the building was redesigned by architect Heinrich Tessenow and now serves as a war memorial commemorating the victims of the Great War. This old guardhouse was the center of Germany's historical events such as the Nazi Party and the Wehrmacht armed forces. The building suffered severe damaged during the World War II but it was restored in 1957. In 1969 the remains of an unknown soldier and the victim of the Nazi Concentration Camp was consecrated in the building. Visitors will be entertained by the Guard Mounting ceremony every Wednesday and Saturday. You will also see Kathe Kollwitz's sculpture of the “Mother with her Dead Son” in the hall of the building.
The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe (German: Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas) also known as the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin was created for the Jewish Holocaust victims. Lea Rosh, a German Journalist founded a group in 1989 for support and donations for the construction of the memorial. This 19,000 m2 (4.7 acre) Holocaust Memorial designed by architect Peter Eisenman and engineer Buro Happold is covered with 2,711 Stelae. The sized of the stelea are 2.38 m (7 ft 10 in) long, 0.95 m (3ft 1in), and the height vary between 0.2 to 4.8 m (7.9 in to 15 ft 9.0 in) and are perfectly organized in a grid pattern. The construction of this Memorial began on April 2003 and was completed on December 2004. The Holocaust Memorial was inaugurated on May 10, 2005 and the main speaker was Sabina Wolanski, a holocaust survivor herself. The underground of the memorial features "Place of Information" (German: Ort der Information) holding Notable Jewish names who died in the holocaust. The names were taken from the Israeli Museum Yad Vashem. Visitors can walk on a special path between rows of stelae. The Holocaust Memorial represents the experiences Jewish people endured during World war II. Berlin's Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe received hundreds of visitors everyday.
The Brandenburg Gate is a former city gate situated on the western part of Berlin. Frederick William II of Prussia ordered the construction of the gate as a symbol of peace and unity. This famous landmark in Germany was built by Carl Gotthard von Langhans from 1788 to 1791. During World War II, the gate was severely damaged. It was finally rebuilt from 2000 to 2002. The Bradenburg Gate played a crucial part of Berlin's history such as the opening of the Berlin wall in 1989. When Napoleon of France defeated the Kingdom of Prussia in 1806, he made his triumphal procession through this gate. Visitors will be greeted by the Quadriga on top of the gate. It is a chariot driven by the roman goddess of victory, Victoria.
Soviet War Memorial (Tiergarten) located in the Großer Tiergarten in Berlin was built by the Soviet Union to honor the 80, 000 soldiers who died during the Battle of Berlin in May 1945. During the Cold War, the memorial was guarded by the Soviet honor guards. This Soviet War Memorial was designed by the renowned architect Mikhail Gorvits. The Statue of the Soviet Soldier on top of the memorial was created by Vladimir Tsiga and Lev Kerbel. The memorial is decorated with two Red Army, ML-20,152mm gun-howitzer artillery pieces and two T-34 Tanks. The memorial also serves as a burial site for almost 2,000 Soviet soldiers. The Soviet War Memorial is one of the well-known attractions in the city of Berlin.
Großer Wannsee is located close to the suburb of Wannsee and Nikolassee in the south-west of Berlin. The Wannsee lake is a famous recreation spot in the city. The lake offer its visitors a variety of activities such as swimming, boating, and simply relaxing. The lake features Strandbad Wannsee built by Richard Ermisch from 1920-1930. This is a well-known nudist area situated on the eastern part of the lake near the locality of Nikolassee. The Grober Wannsee offers a breathtaking view of the sunset and inland beaches. The cool water of this magnificent lake will surely help you beat the heat.
Teufelsberg is an 80 meter high artificial hill in Berlin. This remarkable hill is surrounded by the Brandenburg plain. The formation of this hill was made possible by the heaped debris and wreckage of World War II. Around 75,000,000 m3 (98,000,000 cu yd) of the city's rubble was disposed off on this spot during the reconstruction of the city. Today, this incredible hill has been the site of some famous new movies such as “the Gamblers”, the Covert Affairs” and “We are the Night”. On top of the hill, you will have a perfect view of the city. Visitors with a keen eye may also spot wild boar roaming in the nearby Grunewald Forest.
How to get there ?
The city of Berlin has two major airports Tegel International Airport (ICAO: EDDT, IATA: TXL) and Schönefeld (ICAO: EDDB, IATA: SXF). Tegel International Airport in the north-west of Berlin is the city's main airport and is served by some major airlines such as British Airways, Air France-KLM, and United. The Schönefeld Airport is located on the southeast of Berlin. Regional trains and S-Bahn are just a walking distance from the Terminal entrance. Trains operate from the airport to the city until 1:30 in the morning. You can buy your transport ticket for around €3.20. Don’t forget to stamp and validate the ticket before boarding the train. For more information about these airports please go to https://www.berlin-airport.de. Berlin city centre is easily accessible from Tegel Airport and Schonefeld Airport by the efficient public transport system. Once in Berlin, there are numerous methods of personal transportation available. Visitors can either rent a bike, take a taxi or a train and be rest assured that their stay will be satisfying and adventurous. The city of Berlin provides an array of magnificent sights that reflect the worlds historical events especially during the 20th century. Explore the city at your own pace and be amazed by its historical charm.
Hotels in Berlin (Berlin)
21apart Space Mitte Spree
10117 - Berlin
Indicative price : EUR - EUR
25hours Hotel Bikini Berlin
Budapester Str. 40
10787 - Berlin
Indicative price : 107 EUR - 275 EUR
12055 - Berlin
Indicative price : 12.4 EUR - 118.88 EUR
3000 Apartments Berlin Mitte
10115 - Berlin
Indicative price : EUR - EUR
14163 - Berlin
Indicative price : EUR - EUR
10587 - Berlin
Indicative price : 78 EUR - 130 EUR
7- Room Apartment Friedrichshain
10249 - Berlin
Indicative price : EUR - EUR
A&O Berlin Friedrichshain
Boxhagener Str. 73
10245 - Berlin
Indicative price : 10.24 EUR - 231.88 EUR
A&O Berlin Hauptbahnhof
Lehrter Str. 12-15
10557 - Berlin
Indicative price : 9.13 EUR - 175.76 EUR
A&O Berlin Kolumbus
13055 - Berlin
Indicative price : 9.39 EUR - 119.65 EUR
A&O Berlin Mitte
Köpenicker Str. 127-129
10179 - Berlin
Indicative price : 11.65 EUR - 149.29 EUR
Allee der Kosmonauten 32
12681 - Berlin
Indicative price : 11.65 EUR - 70.59 EUR
ABACUS Tierpark Hotel
10319 - Berlin
Indicative price : 54.15 EUR - 209 EUR
Abba Berlin Hotel
Lietzenburger Str. 89
10719 - Berlin
Indicative price : 62.1 EUR - 186 EUR
ABION Villa Suites
10559 - Berlin
Indicative price : 121.5 EUR - 255 EUR
acama Hotel & Hostel Kreuzberg
Tempelhofer Ufer 8/9
10963 - Berlin
Indicative price : 35.91 EUR - 220.5 EUR